SBIRT is a comprehensive, integrated, public health approach to the delivery of early intervention and treatment services for persons with substance use disorders, as well as those who are at risk of developing these disorders. Primary care centers, hospital emergency rooms, trauma centers, and other community settings provide opportunities for early intervention with at-risk substance users before more severe consequences occur.
SBIRT is broadly recommended by multiple federal agencies, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), and all of the primary care physician groups. In fact, the National Commission on Prevention Priorities ranked SBIRT among its top five priorities, ahead of 20 other effective services including colorectal cancer screening, hypertension screening and treatment, and influenza immunization. (Solberg et al 2008)